Breaking down the United Nations sanctions on North Korea: What do they mean?

Remigio Civitarese
Settembre 13, 2017

Faced with opposition, the United States is said to be working on a compromise that would reduce oil supply in stages, similar to the sanctions applied to North Korea's coal exports.

"The forthcoming measures by DPRK will make the USA suffer the greatest pain it ever experienced in its history", the ambassador added.

The state-run People's Daily in an editorial said the deployment of a Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense battery here is "part of a US strategy targeting China and Russia" and warned that Russian Federation and North Korea were threatening to strike the battery. It would also ban new contracts for North Korean workers that are sent overseas.

The new resolution bans the exports of textiles from North Korea and imposes an embargo on gas condensate deliveries to the country.

The new resolution calls for firing 93,000 North Korean workers employed overseas when their contracts expire.

"The best deterrence we can have, next to having our own nukes, is to make Kim Jong Un fear for his life", said Mr Shin Won Sik, a three-star general who was the South Korean military's top operational strategist before he retired in 2015. Pyongyang added in the statement that Washington will pay a heavy price for the new measures against the Kim regime.

"We are looking at the possible role that may have been played, inadvertently or otherwise, by some current and former nuclear states", he had said. Those actions, regularly dismissed as insufficient by Trump's administration, have led to public spats with Pyongyang. Trump, she suggested, was conveying that tougher measures can still be taken because the worldwide community is not "at the ceiling" of what can be done.

The new sanctions imposed unanimously by the UN Security Council Monday ban North Korean textile exports and restrict shipments of oil products.

In the early hours of Monday, the North Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement saying that the United States will experience "unprecedented troubles" should new sanctions be imposed.

"We have been clear in close consultation with the Americans that oil has to be included as an element of sanctions", South Korean foreign minister Kang Kyung-Wha told reporters.

Kim Hyun-Wook of Seoul's Korea National Diplomatic Academy, predicted: "The sanctions will only provide North Korea with an excuse for further provocations, such as an ICBM launch". It also limits oil exports to the isolated country.

The North says it needs nuclear weapons to protect itself from "hostile" USA forces and analysts believe Pyongyang's weapons programme has made rapid progress under leader Kim Jong-Un, with previous sanctions having done little to deter it. State-sponsored North Korean cyber-criminals have been targeting banks and the global financial system for some time in order to fund the isolated state, or perhaps just the "personal coffers of Pyongyang's elite", as worldwide sanctions have restricted the country's economic activity. A US proposal for a total oil embargo was dropped in exchange for Russian and Chinese support for the measure.

Thornton noted that last month the US rolled out new sanctions targeting Russian and Chinese individuals and entities.

"My delegation condemns in the strongest terms and categorically rejects the latest illegal and unlawful U.N. Security Council resolution", North Korean Ambassador Han Tae Song told the U.N. -sponsored Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, according to Reuters.

Jens Stoltenberg, NATO's secretary-general, condemned North Korea's "reckless behaviour" on Sunday, claiming Kim Jong-un's actions present a global threat that requires a concerted worldwide response. "China does not want North Korea to collapse, but wants a stick to get it to the negotiating table". And the USA ambassador, Nikki Haley, says the resolution is meant to starve the regime of the money it needs to develop its nuclear and missile programs.

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