UN Predicts Falling Population, Rising Urbanization in Russia Through 2050

Modesto Morganelli
Mag 17, 2018

It is projected that 68 percent of the world's population will live in urban environments by 2050, compared to 55 percent in 2018.

Russia's population will shrink by 11 million people by 2050 and will increasingly be concentrated in cities, according to the latest United Nations estimates.

At about the same time, India is expected to surpass China as the country with the world's largest total population. By 2050, it is projected that India will have added 416 million urban dwellers, China 255 million and Nigeria 189 million. Of the 4.2 billion, Asia accounts for 54% of urban dwellers, followed by Europe and Africa, with 13% each. The level of urbanization in Asia is now approximating 50%.

This increased pressure is giving rise to so-called megacities - those with more than 10 million inhabitants.

"Economic contraction and natural disasters have also contributed to population losses in some cities", the report said.

However, a few cities in Japan and South Korea - for example, Nagasaki and Busan - have experienced population decline since 2000. In addition to low fertility, emigration has contributed to the lower population size in some of these cities.

Two of India's cities are among the world's largest.

The rural population of the world has grown slowly since 1950 and is expected to reach its peak in a few years.

Moreover, India reportedly has the largest rural population with 893 million, followed by China with 578 million. Also, urbanisation will play a huge role as there will be a gradual shift in the residence of the human population from rural to urban areas in Asia and Africa.

China will lift more than 10 million poor people living in rural areas out of poverty in 2018 and help relocate a further 2.8 million now in impoverished regions.

Today, Cairo, Mumbai, Beijing and Dhaka all have close to 20 million inhabitants.

Based on the report, Tokyo's population is predicted to begin declining by 2020, while the Indian capital of New Delhi will become the most populous city on the planet by 2028.

The report adds that the world will have 43 "megacities", or urban areas with a population over 10 million, by 2050. The Chinese city of Shanghai is third with 26 million, while São Paulo in Brazil and Mexico City, which each have around 22 million people living in them, are fourth. DESA stresses that sustainable urbanisation is essential to successful development. "Integrated policies to improve the lives of both urban and rural dwellers are needed, while strengthening the linkages between urban and rural areas, building on their existing economic, social and environmental ties", it said. "We find that urban populations have better access to health care and education".

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