Erdogan to take oath as Turkey’s1st Executive President with vast powers

Cornelia Mascio
Luglio 10, 2018

Erdogan took the oath of office on Monday in the Turkish parliament, where he vowed that he would make the right use of the sweeping powers he won in a referendum previous year and sealed in a hard-fought re-election victory two weeks ago.

Turkey on Monday removed a law that stipulates a five-year term for the head of the central bank and scrapped a requirement that deputy governors have a decade of experience, deepening worries about the bank's independence under a new presidential system.

"As president, I swear upon my honor and integrity, before the great Turkish nation and history, to work with all my power to protect and exalt the glory and honor of the Republic of Turkey", Erdogan told the lawmakers.

President Muhammadu Buhari has congratulated his Turkish counterpart, Tayyep Erdogan, on his re-election and said he looked forward to the strengthening of relations between the two countries.

On the eve of Monday's inauguration authorities dismissed more than 18,000 state employees - majority from the police and army - in what the government said would be the final decree under emergency rule imposed following a failed 2016 coup.

"Erdogan, 64, says a powerful executive presidency is vital to drive economic growth, ensure security after a failed 2016 military coup and safeguard Turkey from conflict across its southern border in Syria and Iraq".

Erdogan will this week immediately turn to foreign policy, visiting northern Cyprus and Azerbaijan followed by more challenging encounters at a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation summit in Brussels where he will meet his United States counterpart Donald Trump and other leaders.

The new system abolishes the post of prime minister, granting the president the power to appoint the cabinet - which he was expected to announce later on Monday - and unelected vice-presidents. Turkey has become the world's biggest jailer of journalists, and prosecutions of media personnel and civil society members have continued in recent months.

"A partisan one-man regime starts officially today", said the opposition Cumhuriyet newspaper.

Erdogan is scheduled to take the oath of office at the Grand National Assembly in Ankara at 4:30 pm (1330 GMT), as Turkey completes its transition from a parliamentary model to an all-powerful presidency. Posters of Turkey's founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, left, and of Erdogan are seen in the background.

The president will sit at the top of a vertical power structure marked by a slimmed-down government with 16 ministries instead of 26 and multiple bodies reporting to him.

"Most powers will be concentrated in his hands, there will no longer be a prime minister, and nearly none of the checks and balances of liberal democracies will be present".

Among them were Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro and Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The only European Union leaders are set to be Bulgarian President Rumen Radev and Hungary's strongman Prime Minister Viktor Orban.

"The latest vast round of purges is a further confirmation that there won't be any meaningful normalization of Turkish politics for the foreseeable future", according to Teneo Intelligence Co-President Wolfango Piccoli.

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