Scientists have discovered a piece of amber is an amazing ancient creature

Rodiano Bonacci
Agosto 19, 2018

It sets hard and fossilises remains over time. Belonging to the time of the Cretaceous when the dinosaurs T-rex were roaming the earth, the creature was existent crawling over the trousers and flowers.

It was amazingly preserved and detailed observation even show the bits of pollen around it.

Added Dr Cai: 'Our discovery indicates a probable ancient origin of beetle pollination of cycads at least in the Early Jurassic, long before angiosperm dominance and the radiation of flowering-plant pollinators later in the Cretaceous'.

These primitive evergreens resemble palms and have been around for 300 million years but are now among the most threatened on Earth.

"Boganiid beetles have been ancient pollinators for cycads since the age of cycads and dinosaurs", Chenyang Cai, research fellow at the University of Bristol, said in a news release. Another evidence of existing insectoid pollinators dates back to about 165 million years. This discovery suggests an ancient origin for beetle pollination of cycads long before the rise of flowering plants. However, now scientists have concluded that millions of years ago beetles had the pollination prowess.

Flowering plants are well known for their special relationship to the insects and other animals that serve as their pollinators. Indeed, when Cai and colleagues examined the fossil more closely under a microscope, they discovered tiny pollen grains.

It had a powerful lower jaw that jutted out, massive compound eyes, sharp claws and extremely long antennae.

Dr Cai explained: "These features probably suggest an open habitat, and most likely habitation on the surface of gymnosperms".

Cycads, or leafhoppers, are the most ancient gymnosperm plant, common on the earth before the emergence of flowering plants.

The scientific staff of the Nanjing Institute of Geology and palaeontology found on the border with Myanmar ancient beetle pollinator, which has been preserved in amber. To Cai, the beetle's large mandibles with bristly cavities looked like they were designed specifically to carry cycad pollen. When a beetle flies to the cones of a male plant, perhaps seeking pollen to eat or for a place to lay its eggs, it brushes against the pollen.

As part of the study, the researchers also reviewed the phylogenetics and distribution of the boganiid beetle family tree.

Moreover, the researchers discovered that Cretoparacucujus cycadophilus is related to both Jurassic beetles and the modern-day Australian Paracucujus, which pollinates a species of cycad known as Macrozamia riedlei.

The beetle is believed to be the world's earliest insect pollinator and its body was coated with pollen grains when it became encased in the clear tree resin.

He's been looking for them for the last five years.

A 99-million-year-old beetle was found in Amber in Myanmar.

Their descendants still exist, among them conifers, gingkoes and cycads, which are fern-like plants that live mainly in the tropics. These pollens point out to the existence of the earlier insect-pollinated plant species.

Cycads are still present today.

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