Second patient diagnosed with monkeypox in England

Modesto Morganelli
Settembre 13, 2018

Monkeypox, a rare virus, which health experts estimate is deadly in 10 percent of cases, was first diagnosed in England on Friday (September 7).

Public Health England said the patient is now receiving treatment at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital, a specialist centre.

The first case, also in someone who had been in Nigeria, was diagnosed last week in Cornwall in the southwest of England and is being treated in London.

"Monkeypox does not actually spread easily between people and the overall risk to the general public is very low".

Dr Michael Jacobs, clinical director of infection at the Royal Free Hospital, said: "We are using strict isolation procedures in hospital to protect our staff and patients".

A rash can develop, often beginning on the face, then spreading to other parts of the body.

"It is likely that monkeypox continues to circulate in Nigeria and could therefore affect travellers who are returning from this part of the world, however, it is very unusual to see two cases in such a relatively short space of time", he said. "We are working hard to contact individuals, including healthcare workers, that might have come into contact with (the patients) to provide information and health advice". This then forms skin lesions that scab and fall off.

"All necessary precautions have been taken by specialist staff and there is now no risk to other staff, patients or visitors". While similar to smallpox, it is not as deadly. And like they do with other members of the Orthopoxvirus genus, monkeypox infections in humans onset with the characteristic flu-like symptoms of fever, headache, muscle pain, chills, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes.

Cases have been reported in a number of countries in Africa, including Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia and Nigeria.

Monkeypox resides in wild animals but humans can catch it through direct contact with animals, such as handling monkeys, or eating inadequately cooked meat. The disease requires two people to be in close contact in order to be passed between them. People usually recover within a few weeks, though it can lead to serious illness in some cases.

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