Global Cancer Cases And Deaths Expected To Increase This Year

Modesto Morganelli
Settembre 14, 2018

Portugal will see over 58,000 new cases of cancer this year and more than 29,000 deaths from the disease, according to a newly released estimate from the cancer research arm of the World Health Organisation.

Cancer will kill almost 10 million people this year, experts said Wednesday, warning the disease's global burden continues to rise in spite of better prevention and earlier diagnosis.

One in five men and one in six women worldwide develop will cancer during their lifetimes, and one in eight men and one in 11 women will die from the disease, IARC reports. This was up from 14.1 million - and 8.2 million deaths - in 2012, when the last GLOBACAN survey was published.

"In the United Kingdom smoking among women became more prolific later than it did for men, so it's not surprising that we're seeing increasing lung cancer rates now".

IARC said the rising cancer burden - characterised as the number of new cases, the prevalence, and the number of deaths - was due to several factors, including social and economic development and growing and ageing populations.

Despite being home to just 9% of the global population, Europe is to account for 23.4% of new cases and 20.3% of cancer deaths, followed by the Americas where 21.0% of global incidence and 14.4% of mortality will occur.

And as countries become wealthier, more people get cancers related to lifestyle rather than those linked to poverty.

The latest report suggests lung cancer, female breast cancer, and bowel cancer are responsible for a third of all cancer cases and deaths worldwide.

IARC's report said prevention efforts such as stop-smoking campaigns, screenings, and human papillomavirus vaccinations may have helped reduce incidence rates for some cancers, such as lung cancer among men in Northern Europe and North America and cervical cancer in most regions other than sub-Saharan Africa.

He called for efficient prevention and early detection policies to be implemented urgently "to control this devastating disease across the world".

Yet, the new data show that most countries are still faced with an increase in the absolute number of cases being diagnosed and requiring treatment and care.

Lung cancer is a leading cause of death for both men and women and is the leading cause of cancer death in women in 28 countries, IARC says. The number of cancer deaths in the country stood at 784,821.

A total of 1,054 (22.4 per cent) cases of breast cancer were found in 2018 followed by 662 cases of colorectal cancers, 360 of thyroid, 252 prostate, 238 of leukaemia and 2,141 of other cancers.

"Best practice measures embedded in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control have effectively reduced active smoking and prevented involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke in many countries", Dr. Freddie Bray, head of the Section of Cancer Surveillance at IARC, said in a statement.

No region will be spared from the increase but Asia is to be the most impacted, accounting for almost 60% of deaths and just under half of new cases.

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