Climate Change, Heat Exposure Reducing India's Labour Force By 7%

Rodiano Bonacci
Dicembre 1, 2018

Authors of the report write, "Overall, we find that Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change on health, and that policy inaction in this regard threatens Australian lives".

These and other climate impacts are considered in Australia's first-ever report to the United Kingdom medical journal The Lancet's annual Countdown on Health and Climate Change, published today in the Medical Journal of Australia, which tracks global mitigation and adaptation efforts. With the Grantham Institute at the heart of climate change and environmental work, it drives forward discovery, converts innovations into applications, trains future leaders and communicates academic knowledge to businesses, industry and policymakers to help shape their decisions.

Assoc Prof Beggs said urgent action is also needed in terms of renewable energy given Australia's heavy reliance on carbon-intensive power supplies.

Observing that a recent report "places India amongst the countries who most experience high social and economic costs from climate change", the study makes several recommendations.

"This is despite strong public desire to do something meaningful about climate change".

2018 saw unusually high temperatures affecting large areas of the?northern hemisphere, and nine of the ten warmest years have been recorded since 2005.?Around the world in 2017, there were 157 million more vulnerable people exposed to heatwaves compared with the year 2000.

In a hard-hitting report published by The Lancet medical journal, scientists and health experts said climate change impacts - from heatwaves to worsening storms, floods and fires - were surging and threatened to overwhelm health systems.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), climate change affects many factors influencing health, including clean air and water, food and shelter.

Richer countries also are seeing the effects of heat, the report noted.

Nick Watt, the executive director of the Lancet Countdown, in a statement said, "These are not things happening in 2050 but are things we are already seeing today".

Prof Hilary Graham, of the University of York from the team of researchers said, "Health is what people feel".

Heat greatly exacerbates urban air pollution, with 97% of cities in low- and middle- income countries not meeting World Health Organization air quality guidelines. Between 1901 and 2007, India's mean temperature increased by more than 0.5 degree Celsius.

People in Europe and the eastern Mediterranean are more vulnerable than those in Africa and Southeast Asia, probably because many older Europeans live in cities.

Mental health threats, meanwhile - from children anxious about their future in an overheating world to families stressed by disaster losses - are on the rise, she said.

Days before officials gather in Poland for talks aimed at finalising the Paris agreement climate goals, the authors said governments were failing their populations by underfunding core health infrastructure to protect against extreme weather. "Multiple cities will be uninhabitable and migration patterns will be far beyond those levels already creating pressure worldwide".

Kristie L. Ebi, a professor of global health at the University of Washington and one of the authors of the Lancet report in a statement said, "We don't see these health impacts individually".

"If you do what we are publishing, you end up seeing that populations are ageing, they are migrating and they are growing into the areas worst affected by climate change". "We see them coming at communities all at the same time". It says that the climate change can lead to problems in the nation's water and sewer systems and lead to acute shortages of clean drinking water and lead to outbreaks of gastrointestinal infections.

Altre relazioniGrafFiotech

Discuti questo articolo

Segui i nostri GIORNALE