Young people who take dietary supplements increase risk for severe health problems

Modesto Morganelli
Giugno 8, 2019

The study claims that supplements sold for weight loss, muscle building and energy boost posed three times more the risk of heart-related ailments as compared to vitamin supplements.

Lead author Flora Or, a researcher who focuses on eating disorder prevention with the Harvard public health school, said the goal of the study was to identify the negative health consequences of these products, which tend to be marketed toward young people. Compared with vitamins, supplements sold for muscle building, energy, and weight loss were associated with a almost threefold increased risk for severe medical events (risk ratios, 2.7, 2.6, and 2.6, respectively).

Vinpocetine, a compound found in many dietary supplements, may pose a risk to women of childbearing age, US health officials warn. And according to a new retrospective, observational study in the Journal of Adolescent Health, teenagers and young adults are also at risk for complications-including hospitalization and death.

The researchers analysed the relative risk for severe medical events such as death, disability, and hospitalisation in individuals aged 0 and 25 years that were linked with the use of dietary supplements sold for weight loss, muscle building, or energy compared to vitamins.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning women about certain dietary supplements that may cause a miscarriage or harm fetal development. "That's the question we wanted to answer." Dr.

Or said the 977 cases of adverse events the study found - including 40% considered severe - are probably just the tip of the iceberg because most problems with supplements are not reported.

Supplements sold for weight loss, muscle building, and energy were associated with nearly three times the risk for severe medical outcomes compared with vitamins. Supplements sold for sexual function and colon cleansing were associated with approximately two times the risk for severe medical outcomes compared with vitamins.

According to researcher S. Bryn Austin, reputable doctors don't prescribe these types of supplements. The researcher says many of these products contain prescription pharmaceuticals, heavy metals, pesticides, chemicals, and banned substances that make them a hazard, especially for young people.

Previous studies have also linked dietary supplements that aid in weight loss and building muscle to stroke, cancer, liver damage, and health.

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