NASA Releases New Lunar Code of Conduct

Rodiano Bonacci
Ottobre 14, 2020

He said the accords are consistent with a 1967 treaty holding that the moon and other celestial bodies are exempt from national claims of ownership.

Founding members include the US, Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom.

NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine said he expects more countries to join the effort to put astronauts back on the moon by 2024.

Lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin carries a seismic experiments package in his left hand and the Laser Ranging Retroreflector to the deployment area on the surface of the moon at Tranquility Base.

It's important not only to travel to the moon "with our astronauts, but that we bring with us our values", noted NASA's acting chief for global and interagency relations, Mike Gold.

The Artemis Accords state that these technologies 'must be universal so everyone's equipment is compatible, and scientific data must be shared'.

Countries must also agree to protect heritage sites and space artifacts, gather resources according to worldwide agreements, avoid harmful interference with other missions and dispose of any debris or spacecraft responsibly.

The NASA program, expected to cost tens of billions of dollars, will send robotic rovers to the surface of the moon before an eventual human landing.

Rovers and other spacecraft can not have their missions jeopardized by others getting too close.

In 2019, U.S. Vice President Mike Pence directed NASA to return humans to the moon by 2024 - cutting the agency's previous timeline in half - and build a long-term human presence on the lunar surface.

Violators could be asked to leave, according to Mr Bridenstine.

The coalition can say, 'Look, you´re in this program with the rest of us, but you're not playing by the same rules, ' Bridenstine said.

Russian Federation is still on the fence.

The announcement came a day after Dmitry Rogozin, the head of the Russian space agency Roscosmos, said Moscow was unlikely to participate in the Gateway space station, marking the probable end of the type of close cooperation seen for two decades on the International Space Station (ISS).

China, meanwhile, is out altogether. NASA is prohibited under law, at least for now, from signing any bilateral agreements with China.

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