NASA sets rules for Artemis moon-landing program, prohibits 'littering' and 'secrecy'

Rodiano Bonacci
Ottobre 16, 2020

The Artemis Accord is actually reinforcing the Outer Space Treaty which was signed by 110 countries in 1967.

The United States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Luxembourg, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United Arab Emirates signed the bilateral agreements during an annual space conference on Tuesday following months of talks in a USA bid to cultivate allies under its plan to return astronauts to the moon by 2024.

They concluded that the level of radiation limited astronauts to two or three months on the Moon - vital information that the US Apollo missions of the 1960s and 1970s had not gathered.

UK Space Agency chief executive Graham Turnock was tasked with signing the Artemis Accords during a virtual ceremony that took place during the Astronautical Congress.

The principles of the Artemis Accords include peaceful exploration, transparency, interoperability, emergency assistance, registration of space objects, release of scientific data, preserving heritage, space resources, deconfliction of activities, and orbital debris, according to NASA. The country's space agency chief, Dmitry Rogozin, said at an International Astronautical Congress virtual meeting Monday that the Artemis program is USA -centric and he would prefer a model of cooperation akin to the International Space Station.

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"The Artemis Accords are an important achievement for safe and sustainable space exploration", Campbell said in a statement. In addition, China, another space power, is among the countries that do not have a signature in the agreements.

NASA, which is leading the Artemis program, is planning to send the first woman and next man to the surface of the Moon in 2024. So far, eight countries have signed these so-called Artemis Accords.

Nasa acting associate administrator for global and interagency relations Mike Gold said: "Fundamentally, the Artemis Accords will help to avoid conflict in space and on Earth by strengthening mutual understanding and reducing misperceptions".

In effect, the newly signed Accords will "establish norms of behavior and rules for space operations", Bridenstine said.

The terms set in the Artemis Accords apply for moon exploration in this decade and set the precedent for a historic expedition to Mars in the 2030s.

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