China aims to score a first with its Moon mission

Rodiano Bonacci
Novembre 23, 2020

If successful, it would be the first time any country has retrieved samples from the moon in more than 40 years. A heavy-lift Long March 5 rocket topped with the robotic Chang'e 5 lunar sample-return spacecraft is already on the launch pad.

Humanity hasn't returned any material from the moon since the Soviet Union's robotic Luna 24 mission did so in 1976.

China plans to launch an unmanned spacecraft to the moon this week to carry again lunar rocks within the first try by any nation to retrieve samples from Earth's pure satellite tv for pc for the reason that 1970s.

The Apollo 11 mission was the first to bring back moon rocks - 51 years ago - when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin brought back with them 22 kilograms of lunar rocks (the Apollo missions had brought back 382 kilograms by the time the program ended in 1972).

The Chang'e-5 mission Once the probe reaches the moon's orbit, two vehicles will be deployed to the lunar surface. The missions brought back 382kg of rocks and soil.

China's probe, scheduled to launch in the coming days, will attempt to collect 2kg of samples in a previously unvisited area in a massive lava plain known as Oceanus Procellarum, or the Ocean of Storms.

James Head, a planetary scientist at Brown University, said, "The Apollo-Luna sampling area of the Moon, which is important to our understanding, was done in an area that covers less than half the lunar surface".

Experts are hoping Chang'e-5 will give a better understand how long the Moon remained volcanically active and when its magnetic field - essential in protecting any life from the Sun's radiation - dissipated. One is a lander that will drill into the ground, then transfer its soil and rock samples to an ascender that will lift off and dock with the orbiting probe, or returner. Moon models are scheduled to land in China in mid-December.

Chang'e 4 pulled off the first-ever soft landing on the moon's mysterious far side, delivering a lander and rover to this largely unexplored region in January 2019.

If this is successful, the samples would be transferred to a capsule that would return them to Earth.

Within the next decade, the country plans to establish a robotic base station to conduct unmanned exploration in the south polar region of the Moon.

It is to be developed by means of the Chang'e-6, 7 and eight missions by means of the 2020s and expanded by means of the 2030s forward of manned landings.

China plans to recover samples from Mars by 2030.

In July, China launched an unmanned probe to Mars in its first unbiased mission to a different planet. Remarks containing abusive and obscene language, personal attacks of any kind or promotion will be removed and the user banned.

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