New Study Suggests The Universe Is A Closed Sphere And Not Flat

Rodiano Bonacci
Novembre 6, 2019

They noted that the effect of gravitational forces on cosmic microwave background strongly suggests the existence of the universe's curvature.

Most scientists believe instead in the idea of a "flat universe" that extends out in all directions and does not loop in on itself. Researchers declare to have discovered an anomaly within the CMB, which offers essential details about the universe.

But data collected by the European Space Agency's Planck satellite suggests another shape entirely - a curved, closed sphere.

The light that the astronomers referred to is actually the cosmic microwave background, which is the remaining electromagnetic radiation between stars and galaxies.

This led scientists to conclusion that the Universe had a hot origin - the so called Big Bang - almost 14 billion years ago. And the speculation of a flat universe may very well be "masking a cosmological crisis the place disparate noticed properties of the Universe appear to be mutually inconsistent", the authors write.

"I don't want to say that I believe in a closed universe", study co-author Alessandro Melchiorri of Sapienza University in Rome told Live Science. "I do not wish to say that I consider in a closed universe", he informed Stay Science. "I'm a little bit more neutral". I would say, let's wait on the info and what the brand new knowledge will say. "What I consider is that there is a discrepancy now, that we've to watch out and attempt to discover what's producing this discrepancy". The findings of the new study have been considered controversial as it goes against the common belief that the universe is flat.

Though the 2018 Plant Legacy launch is confirming the closed universe with 99.8 percent accuracy, the researchers nonetheless famous that "future measurements are wanted to make clear whether or not the noticed discordances are attributable to undetected systematics, or to new physics or just are a statistical fluctuation".

The generally accepted age of the universe is 13.7 billion years, based on a Hubble Constant of 70. The concept of gravitational lensing was first used by Max Plank Institute in Germany astrophysicist, Unh Jee, who suggested that the universe could be a couple of billion years younger than scientists now estimate.

According to the study, authored by a team of researchers from the United Kingdom and Italy, the CMB reveals significantly more "gravitational lensing" than was expected, suggesting that gravity is bending the microwaves much more than today's physics can explain.

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