China begins 1st surface exploration of moon's far side

Rodiano Bonacci
Dicembre 1, 2019

At 10:26 am, January 3 Beijing time, China's Chang'e-4 spacecraft made a successful soft landing in the Von Kármán crater within the moon's South Pole-Aitken (SPA) basin.

Like its predecessor, Yutu-2, capable of enduring vacuum pressure, intense radiation and extreme temperatures, is equipped with four scientific payloads, including a panoramic camera, infrared imaging spectrometer and radar measurement devices, to obtain images of the moon's surface and detect lunar soil and structure.

Nearly twelve hours later the China Lunar Exploration Project (CLEP) announced that the rover had descended from atop the lander at 14:22 UTC.

Many people believe that the dark side of the moon is filled with craters created by NASA's military bombings. Regardless of how secretive the Chinese media may be about this accomplishment, it is a giant and historic landmark in space exploration. The far side has been observed many times from lunar orbits, but never explored on the surface.

The spacecraft left southern China on a Long March 3B rocket last December 8, while earlier, a satellite had been launched to provide communications between the explorer and mission control, the Associated Press reported.

In a major milestone for space exploration, China announced that its lunar program has successfully soft-landed a probe on the far side of the moon, making it the first country to do so.

The BBC's John Sudworth in Beijing says the propaganda value of China's leaps forward in its space programme has been tempered by careful media management. It is carrying instruments to analyse the unexplored region's geology, as well to conduct biological experiments.

"Since the far side of the Moon is shielded from electromagnetic interference from the Earth, it's an ideal place to research the space environment and solar bursts, and the probe can "listen" to the deeper reaches of the cosmos," said Tongjie Liu, deputy director of the Lunar Exploration and Space Program Center at China's National Space Administration.

The news inspired dreamier thoughts for advertising employee Shang Yuegang.

Now, we should be able to get a detailed look at it.

The Chinese rover has six powered wheels, allowing it to continue to operate even if one wheel fails.

"The surface is soft and it is similar that you are walking on the snow", Shen Zhenrong, the rover designer from the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp., said on CCTV.

This is the very first time that any country has performed a soft landing or rover deployment on the far side of Earth's natural satellite, and it's a huge win for Chinese scientists who have been planning out this mission for years.

Altre relazioniGrafFiotech

Discuti questo articolo

Segui i nostri GIORNALE