Wind, solar generate 10% of world electricity, doubling share since 2015

Rodiano Bonacci
Agosto 15, 2020

On the other side of the energy spectrum, global coal generation fell 8.3% in the first half of 2020, compared to 2019 - analysts note this breaks a new record, following a year-on-year fall of 3% in 2019, which at the time was the biggest reduction since at least 1990.

Wind and solar generation grew by 13 per cent in H1 2020 compared to the same period a year ago (in comparison to 14 per cent growth globally), which means wind and solar generated 9.7 per cent of India's electricity (compared to 9.8 per cent globally).

The report also says the European Union and United Kingdom generated 21% and 33% of their electricity respectively from wind and solar. Ember's analysis includes 48 countries that make up 83 percent of the world's global electricity production.

Solar and wind have doubled their share of global electricity generation from 2015 to 2020.

However, as the United States and Europe reduce their coal use for electricity, China's use of the fossil fuel continues to rise, increasing from 50pc in 2019 to 54pc so far this year.

On the other hand, generation from coal - the most polluting fossil fuel - fell 8.3 per cent in the first half of 2020, the analysis showed.

Ember said this drop was because electricity demand fell globally in the first half of the year because of Covid-19 and because of the increase in wind and solar output.

Earlier this month, the Global Energy Monitor found the global coal fleet shrank for the first time on record with 2.9 gigawatt retired in the first half of 2020.

But, Ember warned that coal needs to fall by 13% each year this decade to meet the 1.5 degrees Celsius Paris Agreement target.

Citing a CarbonBrief analysis of scenarios to limit global temperature rise to 1.5C by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - a leading body of worldwide climate scientists - Jones said unabated coal use needed to fall by about 79% between 2019 and 2030 - or 13% every year for the next ten years.

In addition to its impact on coal, Covid-19 has also slowed the rate of solar and wind installations globally. Most large countries more than doubled their market share from 2015 to first half of 2020, coincidentally China, Japan and Brazil all increased from four per cent to 10 per cent, the U.S. from six per cent to 12 per cent. In most 1.5C scenarios, the decline in the share of coal is replaced by wind and solar generation.

Overall, the percentage of power drawn from wind and solar has more than doubled from 4.6% in 2015 - the year of the landmark Paris deal on climate change.

Globally, wind and solar generated nearly as much electricity as nuclear power plants which represented 10.5% of global electricity so far this year - unchanged from 2019.

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